1 (of weather or climate) free from extremes; mild; or characteristic of such weather or climate; "a temperate region"; "the temperate zones"; "temperate plants" [ant: intemperate]
2 not extreme in behavior; "temperate in his habits"; "a temperate response to an insult"; "temperate in his eating and drinking" [ant: intemperate]
3 not extreme; "a moderate penalty"; "temperate in his response to criticism" [syn: moderate]
- Moderate; not excessive; as, temperate heat; a temperate climate.
- Not marked with passion; not violent; cool; calm; as, temperate language.
- Moderate in the indulgence of the natural appetites or
passions; as, temperate in eating and drinking.
- Be sober and temperate, and you will be healthy. Franklin.
- Proceeding from temperance.
- The temperate sleeps, and spirits light as air. Pope.
moderate; not excessive heat, climate
not marked with passion
moderate in the indulgence of the natural appetites or passions
proceeding from temperance
- To render temperate; to moderate; to soften; to temper.
- It inflames temperance, and temperates wrath. Marston.
(obsolete) to render temperate
- Chinese: 溫和的
In geography, temperate latitudes of the globe lie between the tropics and the polar circles. The changes in these regions between summer and winter are generally mild, rather than extreme hot or cold. However, a temperate climate can have very unpredictable weather. In regions traditionally considered tropical, localities at high altitudes (e.g. parts of the Andes) may have a temperate climate. The north temperate zone extends from the Tropic of Cancer (at about 23.5 degrees north latitude) to the Arctic Circle (at approximately 66.6 degrees north latitude). The south temperate zone extends from the Tropic of Capricorn (at approximately 23.5 degrees south latitude,) to the Antarctic Circle (at approximately 66.5 degrees south latitude.)
Within these borders there are many climate types, which are generally grouped into two categories: maritime and continental.
The maritime climate is affected by the oceans, which help to sustain somewhat stable temperatures throughout the year. In temperate zones the prevailing winds are from the west, thus the western edge of temperate continents most commonly experience this maritime climate. Such regions include Western Europe, and western North America at latitudes between 40° and 60° north (65°N in Europe).
The continental climate is usually situated inland, with warmer summers and colder winters. Heat loss and reception are aided by extensive land mass. In North America, the Rocky Mountains act as a climate barrier to the maritime air blowing from the west, creating a continental climate to the east. In Europe, the maritime climate is able to stabilize inland temperature, because the major mountain range - the Alps - is oriented east-west (the area east of the long Scandinavian mountain range is an exception).
The majority of the world's human population resides in temperate zones, especially in the northern hemisphere because of the mass of land.
For the history of the term, see geographical zone
temperate in Danish: Tempereret klima
temperate in German: Gemäßigte Zone
temperate in Estonian: Parasvööde
temperate in Spanish: Clima templado
temperate in Esperanto: Modera klimato
temperate in Basque: Klima epela
temperate in French: Climat tempéré
temperate in Galician: Clima temperado
temperate in Korean: 온대 기후
temperate in Croatian: Umjereni pojas
temperate in Icelandic: Tempraða belti
temperate in Italian: Clima temperato
temperate in Hebrew: אקלים ממוזג
temperate in Lithuanian: Vidutinių platumų klimatas
temperate in Malay (macrolanguage): Iklim sederhana
temperate in Dutch: Gematigd klimaat
temperate in Japanese: 温帯
temperate in Norwegian: Temperert klima
temperate in Norwegian Nynorsk: Temperert klima
temperate in Polish: Klimat umiarkowany
temperate in Portuguese: Clima temperado
temperate in Romanian: Zonă temperată
temperate in Russian: Умеренный климат
temperate in Simple English: Temperate
temperate in Finnish: Lauhkea vyöhyke
temperate in Swedish: Tempererat klimat
temperate in Vietnamese: Ôn đới
temperate in Walloon: Mitan froed payis
temperate in Chinese: 温带
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